Employment Tribunal Services

Employment Tribunals

No one wants to face an employment tribunal, but unfortunately, they sometimes happen. Here at Citation, we provide employment tribunal services all sizes of UK businesses. We can assist you with everything from drafting responses to claims to preparing a counter schedule of loss, to make the process as smooth as possible for you. 

Sitting in a courtroom facing an employment tribunal is the last place any business owner wants to be. But with the right policies and procedures in place, employee disputes that escalate to tribunal stage can be avoided. That’s where Citation comes in. 

First, we’ll help you to avoid costly disputes by ensuring your business is fully compliant with UK Employment Law. But our HR & Employment Law specialists will also talk you through employment tribunal rules and provide the first-class support you need should you find yourself in this situation.

How do employment tribunals work?

Employment tribunals are legal hearings for employment disputes. Usually, claims are in relation to:

  • Unfair dismissal
  • Discrimination
  • Contract breaches 

Early conciliation

When someone is looking to submit a claim to an employment tribunal, they must contact Acas first. This is known as Acas early conciliation and it can help to provide an opportunity for parties to talk through issues, with an Acas conciliator there to support with the discussions. Our HR & Employment Law team can assist with this process, working by your side to try and secure a successful resolution out of court – saving you valuable money and giving you peace of mind that you’re following best-practice advice. 

There are short and very strict time limits for when an employee can make a tribunal claim. Usually, this is within three months of being dismissed, but applying for the early conciliation certificate can affect this.


Employment tribunal fees
Employment tribunal costs for the employer

When it comes to pay-outs of successful claims against employers, it all depends on the nature of the case.

The Ministry of Justice released their 2019/20 breakdown of awards made by tribunals for unfair dismissals and discrimination claims. The results are pretty eyewatering for any employer. The maximum and average awards for that period were:

  • Unfair dismissal claim: £118,842 (max), £10,812 (avg)
  • Disability discrimination: £266,000 (max)
  • Age discrimination: £39,000 (avg)

Our employment tribunal services can help you avoid these costly disputes and protect your business' reputation.

The financial impact of a tribunal doesn’t end with awards won by claimants. If an employment tribunal hearing finds an employer to have breached an employee’s rights where there are ‘one or more aggravating features’, they can enforce more financial penalties on the employer.

If you’re charged with a penalty, the minimum cost will be £100, whereas the maximum is £20,000.

The sum will be 50% of the compensation awarded to the employee. You’ll also have the option of a 50% discount if you pay the penalty within 21 days of the tribunal’s decision.

Employment tribunal decisions

Employment tribunal decisions are typically unanimous (all jurors in agreement), but they can also be decided by a majority vote.

Once the hearing has finished, the tribunal will either announce the verdict or reserve the right to issue it at a later date in writing. All written judgments are published on the government Employment Tribunals website.

If you disagree with a tribunal’s decision, you may be able to lodge an appeal to the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) – an independent tribunal for cases in England, Wales, and Scotland.

Examples of grounds for appeal

Grounds for appeal include:

  • The tribunal got the law wrong
  • The tribunal didn’t apply the correct law
  • The tribunal didn’t have evidence to support their decision
  • The correct procedures – that could’ve affected the decision – weren’t followed
  • The tribunal’s decision was unfairly biased towards the other party
  • When making decisions on appealed cases, the EAT must follow the rules and processes set out in the Employment Appeal Tribunal Rules 1993 and the Employment Tribunals Act 1996.

How to prepare for an employment tribunal

Preparing for an employment tribunal starts with avoiding one in the first place; prevention is always better than cure and our goal is to keep you out of court. Fortunately, we provide a selection of Employment Law services that will protect your business and help avoid employee disputes. Our team can provide:

If you do find yourself in the midst of an employment tribunal, our Employment law specialists can help you to prepare. 

Our employment tribunal services

We know the thought of standing up in front of a tribunal can be incredibly daunting, and that’s where our team of highly-experienced tribunal advocates come in.

Our employment tribunal services include:

  • Drafting and filing your response to the claim 
  • Walking you through the preliminary hearing process (if required) 
  • Disclosing relevant documents 
  • Preparing a counter schedule of loss

Why work with Citation?

When you partner with Citation, we do everything we can to help you avoid a tribunal. From contracts and handbooks to disciplinaries and grievances, we’re only a phone call away. We can even be there in the room with you to give you face-to-face advice if you need.

By utilizing our employment tribunal services, you’ll also benefit from:

Our legal advice guarantees

We’re confident that our team of experts can provide you with the perfect advice for your business’ individual needs. We’re that confident that we’ve guaranteed it.

Learn more about our advice guarantee and our tribunal support here.

Round-the-clock access to Employment Law specialists

You can call one of our Employment Law experts for reliable employment tribunal advice whenever you need, 24/7.

Excellent customer service

With over 50,000 happy clients and a 4.2* Trustpilot rating, you can rest assured that you’ll get the support you need from the Citation team.

For more information on how we can help you and your business, please get in touch with the team or leave your details in the form on this page.

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