Employment tribunals

Sitting in a courtroom is the last place any business wants to be. But, without the right policies, practices and procedures in place, it’s an unwelcome situation you can easily find yourself in – and that’s where we come in.

Prevention is better than cure

Our robust HR & Employment Law service keeps you on the right side of the law with everything from contracts and pay to discrimination and disciplinaries. We work day and night to keep you away from courtrooms, and we even guarantee all the advice we give.

And if you do still find yourself facing a claim, we work around the clock to calm it down without the need for litigation wherever possible.

The truth of the matter

Our number one objective is to make sure you don’t end up in court. The reality though is that sometimes it just can’t be helped. The silver lining is that if you do find yourself facing a judge, you’ll have us to turn to.

Whether you’re faced with claims of unfair dismissal, discrimination or redundancy pay – and everything else in between, our experts will navigate you through every stage of the process to make a unnerving experience, well, less nerving.

Fancy a chat about our tribunals expertise? Get in touch by simply filling in the form below.


Get in touch to organise a free audit of your business.

How much does an employment tribunal cost?

There’s no set sum for how much an employment tribunal will cost you, it all depends on the nature and particulars of the case.

For compensation awarded between 1 April 2016 and 31 March 2017, however, the maximum, median and average amounts paid out by employers were:

Maximum awardMedian awardAverage award
Unfair dismissal£1,744,576£7,521£16,543
Race discrimination£456,464£13,141£36,853
Sex discrimination£127,230£8,381£19,152
Disability discrimination£302,258£10,235£31,988
Religious discrimination£74,648£12,045£20,344
Age discrimination£154,309£15,198£35,663
Sexual orientation discrimination£8,460£6,314£6,026

Employment tribunal penalties

As well as any awards payable to claimants, the employment tribunal can order losing employers to pay a penalty too. Penalties are enforced if the tribunal feels you’ve breached an employee’s employment rights and have “one or more aggravating features”.

If you are charged with a penalty, the minimum you’ll face is £100 and the maximum is £5,000. The sum will be 50% of the compensation awarded to the employee, and you’ll have the option of a 50% discount providing you pay the penalty within 21 days of the tribunal’s decision.

Employment tribunal decisions

Decisions at an employment tribunal are normally made unanimously, but they can sometimes be by a majority. Once the hearing has reached its end, the tribunal will either give their verdict orally or reserve the right to issue it at a later date in writing – all written judgements are published on the government Employment Tribunals website.

If you don’t agree with the tribunal’s decision, providing you have grounds to base it on, you may be able to lodge an appeal to the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) – an independent tribunal. Grounds for appeal include:

  • The tribunal got the law wrong;
  • The tribunal didn’t apply the correct law;
  • The tribunal didn’t have evidence to support their decision;
  • The correct procedures – that could’ve affected the decision – weren’t followed; or
  • The tribunal’s decision was unfairly biased towards the other party.

When making decisions on appealed cases, the EAT must follow the rules and processes set out in the Employment Appeal Tribunal Rules 1993 and the Employment Tribunals Act 1996.

Our guarantee to you

If you take our commercial advice option and it results in an employment tribunal claim, we’ll take you through all your options and prepare your defence – including one day of representation at a tribunal. For more information on our guarantees, head here.

What we can do for you

We know the thought of standing up in court can be incredibly daunting, and that’s where our team of highly experienced tribunal advocates come in.

From drafting and filing the response to your claim and walking you through the preliminary hearing process (if required), to disclosing relevant documents and preparing a counter schedule of loss – and everything else in between, our experts will be by your side every step of the way.

For more information on how we can help you and your business, get in touch with the team on 0345 844 1111 or hello@citation.co.uk.

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